Is There a Good Moral Objection to Private Education? A Review of Literature
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Participation of the private sector in education plays a vital role in improving service delivery and contributes to public access to education. In addition, some features of the private sector such as better service delivery and efficiency can improve the performance of education service and its quality in general. However, in the last few decades, a growing body of research debated on the implicit and underlying effects of the marketization of education and identifies elitism, inequality, and the stratification in society as by-products of the application of marketing approaches as used in education sector. This review of education literature on the marketing approaches of education overviews the moral implication of the market's involvement in education through private schools which can create individualism and limits the vision and scope of education. This paper is based on the analysis and discussion of the already available literature on education mainly related to implicit and moral consequences of market involvement in education sector. It argues that a basic narrative is required to balance commercialization and public welfare in education practices around the world. The market cannot have uncontrolled access to education because of tangible and intangible outcomes associated with education. Public expenditure on education requires a more holistic and wider perspective compared to the focused and competitive approach of private education. The argument is that education is a social good, which can have a number of impacts on society such as providing a competitive advantage for an elite class and can widen the gap between those who have and those who have not. Therefore, a cautious adaptation of the private-sector approach in public education is required to improve efficiency.
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