Evaluating Economic Rights of Women in Azad Jammu & Kashmir: Challenges and Opportunities

Main Article Content

Dr. Sardar M.A. Waqar Khan Arif
Bushra Bannian
Qurrah-tul-ain Khan


The idea of socio-economic empowerment of women is not a new concept. Advocates of women’s right have decades long struggle behind this but still women are categorized as a “vulnerable class of individuals” across the globe. Developing countries that are already battling with falling living standards, scant resources and fragile social protection systems are also facing grave challenges regarding women’s rights. In this context, the situation of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K) Pakistan is no different where women are facing various kinds of vulnerabilities, discriminations, and violence. The Constitution of AJ&K vows for protecting fundamental rights of its citizens without any discrimination. In addition to this, the government of AK&K has adopted various special laws and provisions to protect women’s right and has initiated several programs for their empowerment. Despite of this, the socio-economic conditions of women in this region are anything but satisfactory. This study assesses how weak implementation of laws, orthodox cultural practices, misconceptions regarding religious principles, lack of awareness and knowledge among people and poor planning and execution strategies can be considered as prime reasons behind this. This article also analysed dilemmas of women and highlighted different challenges faced by them in exercise of their economic rights.

Article Details

Dr. Sardar M.A. Waqar Khan Arif, Bushra Bannian, & Qurrah-tul-ain Khan. (2022). Evaluating Economic Rights of Women in Azad Jammu & Kashmir: Challenges and Opportunities. Advances in State Studies, 1(1), 1–8. Retrieved from http://metisjournals.com/index.php/as2/article/view/3

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